THE EFFECTS OF ILL-HEALTH AND DISABILITIES ON LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION AMONG NIGERIAN HOUSEHOLDS.
Rolle Remi Ahuru1, Efegbere Henry Akpojubaro2
1 Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, Edo University Iyamho, Edo State, Nigeria
Abstract: Nigeria has demeaning health statistics together with declining labour supply despite the large population size. This paper investigated the effect of illness, disability and other socio-demographic factors on labour force participation among Nigerian households. This study is cross-sectional in which secondary data from the General Household Survey (2015/2016) was used for the analysis. A representative sample of 4,200 household heads was used for the analyses. Both predictive and descriptive analyses were undertaken. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate predictors of labour force participation among the household heads. The data revealed that 52.1% of respondents were engaged in labour force. Controlling for other variables, the various forms of disabilities, ill-health, body injury, gender and educational attainment were significant determinants of labour force participation. The result provokes the need for policymakers to articulate policies that improve access to healthcare through the expansion of health insurance coverage. The study concluded that self-assessed health and education attainment influence labour force participation. Policies should be used to expand educational opportunities and improve access to healthcare services in Nigeria. To improve access to healthcare, the Nigeria government should increase the ownership of health insurance policy by broadening the coverage of the formal health insurance and encouraging community-based health insurance in the informal and rural sectors.
Keywords: Ill health, disabilities, labour force participation, Nigerian households.
Ahuru, R.R., and Efegbere, H.A., 2020. The effect of ill-health and disabilities on labour force participation among Nigerian households. Oradea Journal of Business and Economics, 5(2), pp. 8-19, https://doi.org/10.47535/1991ojbe107