Fatma Safi

Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia


Abstract: Outward habit formation affects consumption decisions. Since consumption displays a negative environmental externality, outward habits has as well an (adverse) effect on the environment. This research paper centers around the theoretical linkage between the combination of both externalities (environmental deterioration and outward habits). The objective of this study is to examine the impacts of outward habits on the state of the environment in the context of an overlapping generations economy. In our study, environmental quality is a public good negatively affected by consumption activity and positively affected by maintenance investment. With outward habit formation, the build-up level of average past consumption in the economy at large influences the current utility of an individual consumer. Thus, individuals draw utility not only from their own level of current consumption, but also from its level relative to the average consumption in the economy. How does outward habit influence the state of the environment? We analyze this question using an overlapping generations model with outward habit and environmental quality in the utility function. In steady state equilibrium allocation, we show that whether outward habits are destructive to the environment depends on the degrees of outward habit formation and the size of the economy.

 Keywords: outward habits, overlapping generations, environmental quality, consumption, externalities



Safi, F., 2021. Outward Habits and Environmental Quality in an Overlapping Generations Model. Oradea Journal of Business and Economics, 6(1), pp. 42-50. http://doi.org/10.47535/1991ojbe120